Tuesday, March 18, 2014


As everyone knows, we’re now living in what they said globalization era where everything becomes easy and reachable in every aspects. Globalization also brings states to be more interdependence. According to World Bank, “Globalization refers to the growing interdependence of countries resulting from the increasing integration of trade, finance, people, and ideas in one global marketplace.”

Besides many benefits globalization has offered to us, there's also many protest against globalization such as it could threaten national sovereignty. Economy being one of the most important sectors of globalization with one country’s products easily being exported to other countries or MNCs hired people in the place they relocated their building could threaten people’s interest to their own countries’ products and maybe could unnoticeably change the work method states initially have. This is such a trigger to countries that success to export their goods to the world to make more and more goods. But, did we forget something?

When countries are satisfied with the selling, they are surely want to create bigger profits. They will use sources they got from the environment to produce goods as many as they can. That’s where dangers are coming. Too focus on developing their economics may start harming the nature. It’s reported in 2010 that 16 million hectares of forest in the world are gone each year for the need to fulfill the demands of disposable products and the use for commercial and property industries. When the industrial activities are developing, the more they burn coal, oil and derivates as electricity generation the more GHG emissions being spread. The developed countries that have been the biggest polluters for decades being replaced by United States as the one responsible for 20% of global emissions spread. All of these matters bring us to what now we call global warming. Another matter globalization could lead us to is the excessive use of nature’s living things. Overfishing has been said took out completely some fish species out of the oceans.

It reminds us to 1970’s debate, from limits to growth to sustainable development. When economics development is starting to destroy environment, should we limit the use of it? What's clear that environment, nature has its own limits to serve human with all their doings. We as the earth’s civil society are on duty to keep the earth from collapsing. Every country, every company, every people should participate and work together on this duty maybe by creating treaty of the use of it or make products that are healthy to the environment. Globalization has been blamed over this destruction therefore we should solve this in globalization way.

Salwa Ni'matul Maula


Thursday, March 13, 2014

Globalization is Challenging Us to be Prepared

We can't see globalization only from one sides of view but a lot of views that you might see, for this public article i hope some of you can read this carefully and appreciate my general opinions. Globalization, everyone already knows about what is globalization in this life. Many people also talk about this like they are being prepared enough to welcoming the Globalization through their life. See the globalization impacts which make this country Indonesia gets serious development also can be our main topic for today. 

Almost people who talk clearly about Globalization always talk about the challenges of globalization that might be people need to be prepared too without seeing the good ring of challenges that a lot people might get. They share this topic, but they share it like they are sharing fears to a lot of people. Of course people need to be prepare enough but there are some questions that people usually ask such as why need to be prepare enough? What the things which we need to prepared to welcoming globalization wisely? Are we need a lot of money to get prepared by our self? Because almost people are telling us to be well prepared with some education and so on. How small unfortunate people can be also prepared even they don't have a lot amount of money?

After personally i read some articles from the internet and browse so many inspiring articles about globalization the things that might be really help people out to prepare them self to welcoming globalization to their life and then from that many individuals, one country is going to have well prepared citizens. Then from that fundamental ideas, i can summarize my public opinions about this topic. Not all of us are having opportunity to feel a great education service especially in Indonesia, but to build generations or people in Indonesia who aware about Globalization is not all about going to formal expensive education. Even people who go to formal education (as you can see there are so many national - international based of schools or universities) are not being guaranteed to be aware also being self prepared.

Globalization also makes so many great impacts such as in politic, technology, education system, economy, arts, and so on. Because so many impacts are going inside to this country the only thing to make those impacts are being good impacts for us is being aware and self prepared in a right way. First, being aware is all about knowing public knowledges. Public knowledges are not typically available when you go to formal school. Most of people who get education in formal schools are also not having great public knowledges and also people who don't go to formal school because they don't have money are not having great public knowledges as well. To build public knowledges the right thing to do i starting to love reading! I know it sounds so useless and basic. But trust me the more you read about any topics or issues which happen in this country which is related to the world, more you can build a great public knowledges. You can read books at public library which is cheap enough to go, or surfing on the internet, and luckily if you have money you can easily buy online books or general books. Read more articles and inspiring stories about the impacts of globalization from local or international news paper.

Second, after you build public knowledges through reading you can absolutely prepared your self to welcoming the great impacts of globalization. You are not being close minded people and try to learn so many things from people who are already achieved some achievements. At least learning from other people is the cheapest way to get education. Now we can't only lay our self to formal education which gives us text books theory. Try to socialize with real people, ask them, and learn from them. You can realize the world is not only this big but bigger.

Third, by learning from the basics we need to filter the informations. Filter and get only the right things about the globalization indeed. Search, read, and also learn from so many sources. Do not be so judgmental to one source that you can not easily know if this is right information or wrong. Be smart and independent! Do not ever think that every education is freaking expensive, they are not if you can find smart opportunities to get information. 

I personally believe from what things which we already learn (especially if it's being your biggest motivation to being prepared), you can welcoming the globalization wisely. Globalization is not the thing that making us afraid to be better. We don't blame other countries again about globalization or be judgmental into something. One person or individual who try to be self prepared there is going to be bunch of people who already prepared. Finally the whole citizens in Indonesia can also be prepared enough. These things also need to be supported by the local government because many young generations or people live in small villages. We need to be more consider to help then get more great educational system not only formal but also informal through the self prepared education. Such as updating some public library or taman membaca gratis, free internet spot and technology sources.

Margareta Vania
International Political Economy - International Relations Binus University 2017

Sources :

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Entertainment in World Economy

     As we know about the enhance of globalization in these several years, globalization created much ideas and inventions for today. With the capability of great technology that evolved, we have an easy way to know whats hot about the world right now and also to have them as ours. In other way, globalization is the most power of global trade which bring much profits that it could takes. In global trade, we are not discuss about goods as products only but also the arts. If we talk about art, we talk about entertainment.
    Entertainment. How much do you hear about these genres of songs; pop, country, rock, kpop, dangdut, and etc or how much do you watch horror, drama, thriller, musical, action movies? So much. Today, entertainment industries are globalize because many people in this world have an interest of another country’s art and also it has big profit because it’s one of the most worldwide seller. Avatar for example, one of movies that created much profits. The budget for making the film was USD $425 M and the gross was USD $2.8 B after the worldwide viewed. That was big number in Hollywood. With an open door of globalization, global trade made that profits. Now, entertainment world has its opportunity in global economy because everyone needs and craves for it.
    The development of entertainment in world economy is increasing highly. Today, the segments of entertainment not only in media or animation but also in hotel or resorts and parks. Let’s say the Walt Disney Company for example, which has Media Networks, Parks and Resorts, Studio Entertainment, Consumer Products and Interactive as its business segments. The Walt Disney Company’s market cap reached USD $103.96 B in last year.
    Entertainment industry is very valueable, not only for the company its self but also to country. The entertainment could less unemployment people because there are so many task to do to develop one company, as Chief Economist with the Los Angeles County Economic Development Corp., which Los Angeles is the entertainment capital of the world, Robert Kleinhenz, he said “the entertainment industry supported 586,000 jobs and had an annual output $47 billion that equivalent 8.4% of the county’s annual economic output and also it helped the country to less unemployments people because its total employment was 16.9% higher in 2011."
    So, we can conclude that the entertainment industry is very good at making benefits because everyone loves entertainment world and also entertainment industry is one of the big actors in world economy which brings profits to its company and its country and also another country that had joined to cooperate with the entertainment industry. For domestic case, the benefits that come can be used for reduce the poverty, less unemployments, make welfare nation, modernize the country, or do anything else to develop the country. For international case, the globalize of entertainment sectors is because of the globalization and global trade that contributes in it. So, that makes it easier, many companies from different states cooperate together and have a good relations and also each state can promote to another state about its art and grow the economy.

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Safira Damayanti


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International Relations of Binus University 2017 - 2nd year

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