Monday, June 16, 2014

Short Film Project : Group Log Book

Our Meetings :

  • 1st Meeting : Discussion of Concept and Content
  • 2nd Meeting : Go to the hospitals, health sector, and the governor's office.
  • 3rd Meeting : Recording the expert and non expert.
  • 4th Meeting : Recording per person for the opening and moderator.

Our Group Attandance :

Margareta Vania P. (attended 4 times meeting)

  • Camera Controler
  • Film Editor
  • Short Film Concept Director

Salwa Ni'matul Maula (attended 3 times meeting)

  • Script Ideas
  • Creatives
  • Controling - to go to the hospitals

Safira Damayanti (attended 4 times meeting)

  • Script Ideas
  • Creatives
  • Controling - to go to the hospitals

Loping Lee (attended 3 times meeting)

  • Script Ideas
  • Creatives
  • Controling - to go to the health sector and the governor's office 

Eka Cipta Dannylista (attended 2 times meeting)

  • Creatives
  • Information searcher

Achmad Rizky Aditya (attended 2 times meeting)

  • Script Ideas
  • Creatives

Luthfi Hadi Arsa (attended 1 time meeting)

  • Script Ideas
  • Creative
  • Controling - to go to the health sector and the governor's office

updated by :
Margareta Vania

Sunday, June 15, 2014

Short Film Project : Positive and Negative Things

There are a lot of things that we get from this project. Especially the positive things. We learn how to deal with new people, learn how to make appointments with professionals, and also learn how to react if they reject our request. Yes, we learn all of that from the whole time to make this short documentary film project. Even though, our film it is around 8 minutes duration but we put a lot of works for it. We run from here to there. 

Some negative things also happened, Safira and Salra visited 3 different hospitals that supported and not supported BPJS Kesehatan and Kartu Jakarta Sehat. They also got rejected. Loping and Luthfi went to the health sector in West Jakarta area and to The Governor's office of West Jakarta but also they got rejected. Actually we did send the official letter from our department to Dinas Kesehatan (Health sector) but they delayed over and over again.

Do we need to wait something that even not accurate? Of course not! We search another commoner or non experts but almost all of them really hate to share their bad experience to the media. We already asked to blur their faces, but they didn't want to share anything on media. They were afraid to barely shared. But there was one man named Heri who had bad experience due to his lost of his girlfriend's life from Leukemia. He shared to us and he didn't mention any hospitals' name for law protection. We felt really happy, finally we could get the information from Heri.

There are no official informations that support us to complete this short documentary film. So luckily there was a doctor who want to be interviewed but he tried to act neutral as possible. We also didn't shoot him directly when he was working in the hospital. Because it would be stupid and we would be kicked out again from there.

updated by :
Margareta Vania

Short Film Project : Inequality and Poverty in Health Care Sector

"Sorry for some typos which happen to the video, i edited until 3AM in the morning. I edited since last week and work really hard to make people's voices to be clear enough and i made subtitles. I wrote professional changed to be proffesional and leukemia changed to be leukimia, stupid isn't it? But i hope people can get the point of our short documentary film." - margareta vania

We make our project in a concept of short documentary film, but it's a little bit difficult to make it because we actually need some people to go in for our short documentary film shoot. Safira and Salwa actually did go to the local hospitals in Jakarta, but no one of them accepted our request due to protect the hospitals' name. Same as the commoner or nonexperts, they didn't want to share their experience because they were afraid of law protection. Even tho, we said that we are coming from Bina Nusantara University and we brought the official letter from our department.

We worked so hard for this 8 minutes duration short documentary film. We uploaded to youtube and burn into high quality DVD-RW. We also designed the nice cover to make the great presentation in front of the lecturer. We put to the point content and reality but yet we put creativity to make it. We learn how to deal with a lot of people who want to support this project such as random commener / nonexperts, local government of West Jakarta Area, some small clinics and big hospitals in West Jakarta Area. All of them are not fully accepted us to ask about their experience but glad that Mas Heri shared his experience to us. He had sad experience because his girlfriend was died cause of the slow response of the Hospital. Especially his girlfriend was really sick (leukemia).

Here is the conclusion of our short documentary film :

There is the government's policy to support poor people to get the standard or proper health care service. But in real life, it's not that easy to get the standard or the proper health care service. There are poor people who still suffer to get it. Small clinics (PUSKESMAS) and hospitals are also need to supporting this government's policy such as there are "Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial - Kesehatan" and "Kartu Jakarta Sehat". Sadly, not all small clinics and hospitals like to accept poor people and still ask "money first and we will give you the treatment or the medicine". 

Middle class people and High class people might be can search for health care service because they are effectively productive in economy. Ironically, even not all of them (healthy people) are productive. How the low class people or poor people can easily get money if they are not healthy (they are being unproductive)! That's why there is a poverty happening in this capital city. We are not going to look to the bigger context (ex : poverty in Indonesia), but first we need to take a look how our capital (Jakarta) is being worst.

updated by :
Margareta Vania

Saturday, May 24, 2014

Protectionism, is It Okay?

            Japan is not a big country in East Asia but have a great economy as the report said that the growth of Japan’s economy is one of ten largest world economy. Actually, after World War II Japan had a rapid growth manufactures and economy things like the industrial that moved quickly to adopt new world development in only 30 years. It was very great movement for Japan instead of being consumptive to USA products in households, automobiles and other machinery. The Japanese government supported manufactures with protectionist policy like tax and subsidies and also quotas. As Kenichi Otabe, Japanese trade negotiator, said that Japanese government encourages and protects those industries which it believes important for reasons of national policy. Even there is comparative advantage principles, Japan had chosen to be a self-sufficient and not depend on other country for products even now. So, Japan was a success example of protectionist policy in the first post-war and so on.
            As we already know that protectionism is a government intervenes that restricts trading between countries. Learn from Japan, protectionism policy tries to protect market and the impacts on customers, domestic industrial as producer, and also the labor. In the process of being leader, Japan limited the imports quotas and only allowing foreign investments in technology which made Japan products more technologies to be export right now and the most exporter country in technology.
            Even though Adam Smith conveyed in 18th century that to keep the market going well people had to be free in economy without government intervenes, but as the world goes on that principle cannot be acceptable right now for many reasons. The most point is presented by John Maynard Keynes in 1926 that people can’t rely the hard situations like recession and depressions which is nationally case and to protect the market stable we need some wise policy then. So, for good stability in national economy some ways lay on protectionist policy. The forms of protectionism itself lay on tariffs, quotas, and also regulatory barriers. Tariffs policy is shape on tax and subsidies. Tax and subsidies are link to each other because subsidies itself is the revenue of tax on products. The tax given is to shift income from gainers to losers as we know in economy there always zero-sum game. Government intervention in quotas is a restriction policy to production quantity and also has different tariffs in each goods. Different from the others, regulatory barriers tends to escalate the quality and there are no tariffs in this regulation.
            Unfortunately, this restriction policy is limiting trade between countries, but not only that the protectionism itself could maintains the economic stability as I mentioned about Japan before and also not only Japan, China is one of successful economy because there is protectionism. Although every country right now apply that policy, protectionism is a must for country and every country should have own this policy but too much protectionism isn’t good because it could obstruct the foreign economy which reducing too much products in import. The economy should be maintains for good power because with great economy the power of country will rise ahead. In conclusion, the ultimate basis of these policies is an attitude towards economics that sees the economy not as an end in itself, but as an instrument of national power (Ian Fletcher).

Posted by,
Safira Damayanti

Helpman, Elhanan., Gainers and Losers in Understanding Global Trade, Ch. 3
Balaam, David N., “Laissez-Faire”: The Economic Liberal Perspective in Introduction to International Political Economy Fifth Edition, Ch. 4
Freiden and Lake, Protectionist Trade Policies, Ch. 19

Tuesday, April 29, 2014

The Invisible hand

As we all know in the theories of economies, there are many definition that you won’t find anywhere else, like; Industrial Policy, Zero Sum Game, Ect.. but among them, there’s one that really piqued my interest, The Invisible Hand.

So what is the Invisible Hand? Not it’s not the hand of a man who’s been engineered himself with the ability of a chameleon (obviously), the Invisible Hand in economics theories, is a metaphor created by by Adam Smith in his book “The Theory of Moral Sentiment” (1759), to describe the self-regulating behavior of the marketplace. 

“Individuals can make profit, and maximize it without the need for government intervention. individuals' efforts to maximize their own gains in a free market may benefit society, even if the ambitious have no benevolent intentions.”

The Invisible Hand itself is only a theoretical concept, but many economist try to interpreted it even further. For example, the noble prize winner, Milton Friedman says that The Invisible Hand are the possibilities of cooperation without coercion, meaning that if the buyer are free to buy what he wants, and the seller are free to sell what he want with the means to produce it, the market price will be great for everybody.

Beside Milton Friedman, there are many economist that also interpreted The Invisible Hand beyond it’s original concept D. H. MacGregor and Stephen Marglin.  And there’s also also those that criticizes this concept. Like Joseph E. Stiglitz who said, as to my understanding, that the Invisible Hand is Invisible because it almost never was there, in other word, there’s no such thing as an Invisible Hand, because the market without the help from the goverment, cannot function as much as it should.

“Whenever there are "externalities"—where the actions of an individual have impacts on others for which they do not pay, or for which they are not compensated—markets will not work well.“

So now we know at least a little bit about The Invisible Hand, and the people that support and criticizes this concept. And now to leave you guys with a little quote I heard in class, because that’s always the best way to end things.

“The Invisible Hand is usually paired with a Bloody Hand, in fact, the usually came from the same conductor” 

Achmad Rizky Aditya 1701357733

Sources are various (really sorry about that)

Monday, April 28, 2014

Understanding Liberalism

The study of International Relations has made us know many the perspectives and using them to understand and analyze the global events. In market world, we know the famous perspective like mercantilism. Mercantilism said that countries do trading simply to accumulate wealth so power could be achieved. They focused on the cycle of war and power. But, there was Adam Smith to oppose this idea of mercantilism.

Adam Smith being the forerunner of liberalism with his famous term “invisible hand” although it was just said once in his book “The Wealth of Nation”. Adam Smith was carrying Laissez-faire as his theme in which the state should not interfere market and its involvement in their market is very limited. They believe that market could find and determine their own price (equilibrium) without the help of the government. This is what “invisible hand” means. Adam Smith explained in his book that the state’s welfare could be reached if every people pursue their own interests. If you are a farmer, do that heartily. If you are a student, live it diligently.

 He also came with the idea of absolute advantage that later developed by David Ricardo’s comparative advantage. In absolute advantage, there are two countries with two commodities in which one country picks one commodity they could produce many than the latter country. While comparative advantage requires each country to compare two goods they can produce in their own country in terms of efficiency before they choose what to export and what to import. Because of that, while mercantilism believes that if one side gains a benefit means the loss for others (zero-sum game), liberalism chooses to see the life as a positive-sum game. In which it still possible for each countries to gain benefit or advantage in trading even though the amount they get is different.

To sum it up, we can conclude that mercantilism do trading to accumulate wealth and turn it into power so that the power can be used to produce wealth and turn it to power again. On the other hand, liberalism believes in freedom of individual in the marketplace to organize economic activity rather than government and view life as a positive-sum game.

Balaam, David. N, & Dillman, B. (2014). In Introduction to International Political Econom. Ch.4. United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited.

Posted by,
Salwa Ni'matul Maula

Monday, April 21, 2014

Greatful Economy of South Korea

   Why this little country and located in northeast of Asia could be the one of strongest economy in the world? As we know about South Korea today, it was fast growing in economy after Korean Wars in 1953. The most curiosity is there was no resource that South Korea had but the growth of economy so fast in 1960 to 1980 and now. Many questions lay on its business in domestic even international market, is it true that South Korea has potential in trade or the great policy that reformed South Korea economy or is it because of growth of globalization as we know about South Korea lifestyle? The answers are yes for those questions.

      The key point lays on free trade. The fast growing economy was helpfully because the free trade is exist. The raw materials in South Korea were minim but South Korea is the sixth largest exporter and seventh largest importer in the world. So, what goods that South Korea use for trading? After the Korean Wars, South Korea helped by foreign aids to developed its economy with industrial sectors. South Korea most exports semiconductors, wireless telecommunications equipment, motor vehicles, computers, steel ships, petrochemicals,  and industrial machinery to other country mostly China. Any materials such as machinery, electronics and electronic equipment, oil, steel, transport equipment, organic chemicals, and plastics are import from China and Japan. Those are big number of exchange trade in imports and exports and beneficially hit South Korea to be the 15th largest market economy. As industrial country, domestically the market also lays on industrial goods mostly automobiles and parts and also its citizen lifestyle.

     It also supported by a great policy after Korean Wars in evolving economy. South Korean’s leader at that time was wisely to determined comparative advantage that would increased the profits. When South Korea faced crisis of inflation in late 1980s, the government intervened with reduced the imbalance between city and rural sectors, it expanded investments in public projects, such as roads and communications and other facilities. South Korea also made cooperation with trade organizations such as APEC, WTO, G-20, and OECD. Those were examples of South Korea’s great policy to got stability of its country’s economy.
      The lifestyle of South Korea has its particular influence in global economy. Its fashion, entertainment world, foods, known as hallyu wave, already involved in South Korea global market. The demands of hallyu wave were reached in big number in the world these recent years. So many albums, dramas, fashion stuffs, even South Korea’s traditional food are greatfully come worldwide. Because of this influence, South Korea could make more than thousands billion Won (South Korea currency) as the data from Korea Creative Contents Agency, a body that is a part of the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism. In this globalization era, there is no impossible way to get what is unbelievable.

      South Korea surprisingly developed its economy in fast and great structures. To growth economy, it should be wise in making decisions as South Korea did to characterized what could be take advantage more. In this point, every country should wisely compare the advantages then a great policy should be made to concrete the increase and stability of economy. As the globalization growth and the liberal world occurs where is freedom in economic activity, it opens the opportunities of free trade. Not just South Korea, it is probably could happen in developing country.

Posted by,
Safira Damayanti


Golden Age

Golden Age, maybe that term is not a new term for some of you especially as International Relations students. Why Golden Age? In the late 18th century there was a huge economic growth which opened the door to more wider global economy networks. Those days when trade was increasing, Britain overtaken by their new developing technologies and industries. But why they used the word “golden” when they could use “success” or anything else?. Yes, they’re not using “Golden” for no reason.

It is because they were using gold for transactions. There used to be a system that manage the use of gold called Gold Standard. Investopedia defines Gold Standard “A monetary system in which a country's government allows its currency unit to be freely converted into fixed amounts of gold and vice versa. The exchange rate under the gold standard monetary system is determined by the economic difference for an ounce of gold between two currencies.” Gold was not forever dominating because the attendance of silver threat.

Speaking of Golden Age, did Indonesia ever taste golden age? Some people say Indonesia have tasted the golden age in the early 2013. Darmin Nasution, the former governor of Bank Indonesia claiming Indonesia’s Golden Age that our economy was growing stably after sleeping for about 10 to 15 years. He added that our economic growing even more stable than India and China with 6.2% growth by the year before. That’s why according to that fact that time, Indonesia should believe that Indonesia could be the 7th largest economy in the world in 2030.

Today, the advanced technologies are not hard to find and it keeps developed as the day goes by. Making it easy for a country to communicate, to build a relationship with another country in every aspect including trading. The industry being more creative, with all this achievement and development, can we call it the world today as golden age? you guys choose


Posted by,
Salwa Ni’matul Maula (1701315806)

Sunday, April 20, 2014

Japanese Tv Stations Statement of South Korean Government Tricked Indonesian Over KFX/IFX Fighter Aircraft Join Development Project

A Japanese tv station NicoNico through its news in 14 January 2014 state that Indonesian has been tricked by the South Korean Government over the 7,5 millions dollar fighter aircraft project.The news that 4 minutes and 24 seconds long state that South Korean authority one sidedly terminate the program in 2013 then abandon Indonesian to make their own way out over the project.The news can be accessed through [] .In 2009 South Korean presiden Lee Myung-bak came to visit Indonesia and made an agreement of the program which is worth 8 billion USD where Indonesian have to cover 20% of the budged.

30 of Indonesian engineer were sent to South Korea for contributing in the project of 4,5 generation fighter 2013 the project was put in a delay,a lot of community asked for an explanation over the project including the Japanese.In Januari 2014 Indonesian Defense minister Purnomo Yusgiantoro held a press conference and stated that the project has been resumed.The vice minister of defense for Indonesia Sjafrie Sjamsoeddin state that the defense ministry of Indonesia already receive a letter from South Korean in 3 January 2014 that ensure the project is on going.In that letter it's decided that the South Korean parliament will expend 20 millions USD while the Indonesian spend 5 Millions USD over the 2015 project budged.

The South Korean Parliament clarify that the project delay on 2013 was because of the switch between parliament regime after the election.

Luthfi Hadi Arsa (1701334471)